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Spanish and North African Resources

Mounted Hunters on an Umayyad Casket from Cordoba, c.966-968 or mirror
Soldiers on a Moorish Casket from Cuenca, c.1049AD or mirror
Leyre (or Pamplona) Casket, Umayyad Spain, 1004-1005AD or mirror
Fatimid-Zirid Bas-relief of Musician and Drinker, 10th-11th centuries or mirror
Fatimid-Zirid Plate with a Battle Scene, 10th-11th centuries or mirror
Fatimid Horseman from Ifriqiyah on a Plate, 10th to 12th Centuries or mirror
The Pila, an Ablution Basin, early to mid 11th century, Spain or mirror
Fatimid Ceramic Wall-Plaque with Warriors from the Sabra Palace, 11th century or mirror
Fatimid Ceramic Wall-Plaque of Archer from the Sabra Palace, 11th century or mirror
The Spanish Military Orders by Guy Stair Sainty
The Portuguese Military Orders by José Vicente de Bragança
Subjugation of the Cantabrians by Visigoth King Leovigild, northern Spain, 11th century
Biblia Sancti Petri Rodensis, the Roda Bible, Catalonia, 1050-1100AD or mirror
Drawing of, and notes on, a Fatimid Infantryman, 1100AD, by Ian Heath based on a manuscript or mirror
Detail of soldiers of Alfonso III of Asturias in the Liber Testamentorum, c.1118AD
Detail of Alfonso II praying to Christ Pantocrator in the Liber Testamentorum, c.1118AD
Spanish Knights & Infantry in the Codex Calixtinus, 1135-1139AD or mirror
Privilegium Imperatoris of the Emperor Alfonso VII of León and Castile granting land for the foundation of a monastery, 1142-47AD
Drawings of a Fatimid Infantryman and a Fatimid Cavalryman, 1150AD, by Ian Heath based on a manuscript fragment
David and Goliath from the Biblia Segunde de San Isidoro de Leon, 1162 or mirror
12th century Spanish soldiers & hunters in the frescos from the Church of San Baudelio de Berlanga, Soria or mirror
. Drawings of a Spanish Town Militiamen by Ian Heath based on the frescos from the Church of San Baudelio & Las Cantigas de Santa Maria or mirror
The Navarra Beatus Codex, Spain, late 12th century or mirror
Rylands Apocalypse by Beatus of Liébana, Spain, c.1175 or mirror
The Murder of Thomas Becket - Wall Painting in Santa Maria de Terrassa, c1180-1200 or mirror
Navarre Picture Bible, Pamplona, Spain, 1197AD or mirror
Las Huelgas Apocalypse by Beatus of Liébana, Spain, 1220 or mirror
. Drawings of Spanish Knights by Ian Heath based on Las Huelgas Apocalypse & Las Cantigas de Santa Maria or mirror
. A drawing of a Jewish archer by Ian Heath based on Las Huelgas Apocalypse or mirror
A North African al-Sufi manuscript - Vatican Ms. Ross. 1033, 1224AD or mirror
Illustrations of Andalusians from the story of Bayad and Riyad, 13th century or mirror
A mid 13th century North African al-Sufi manuscript - BnF Ms. Arabe Ar 2488
A Muslim Horseman on a silk hanging, Spain, 13th Century or mirror
Spanish, Granadine & Moroccan Soldiers of the 13th Century in Las Cantigas de Santa Maria or mirror
Spain - Middle Ages by Racinet or mirror
13th century Spanish & Moorish Soldiers in the frescos of The Conquest of Mallorca or mirror; or download this site as a 5.4MB zip
Spanish soldiers from the army of King James I in a mural from the Tinell Hall at the Palau Reial Major or mirror
Ceiling panel with a knight of the House of Anjou struck down by another knight, c.1300 or mirror
Ceiling panel with a fight between a Christian knight and a Muslim, Spain, c.1300 or mirror
. A drawing of, and notes on, an Aragonese Jinete, 13th Century by Ian Heath, based on this panel or mirror
Llibre dels Usastges, I-Constitucions de Catalunya, 2nd quarter of the 14th Century
Sepulchre of Ardevol, 14th century
Battle of El Puig, Altarpiece of St George, Valencia, c.1400
Crucifixion of St. Andrew, by Borrassà, Barcelona, 1400-1415
Embrace in the Golden Gate, The Kiss of Judas, 1410-1425
Altarpiece of St. Barbara, by Sarria, 1410-25
Battle of El Puig, Alterpiece of St George, Jerica, 1420
The Alba Bible, Spain, 1430, including Brethren of the Order of Calatrava
Altarpiece of Saint Vincent, by Martorell, 1438-40
Martyrdom of Saint Eulalia, by Martorell, 1442-5
St. Jerome & St. Sebastian by Ferrer, 1450
St. Vincent at the stake, by Huguet, 1455-60
The tomb effigy of Martín Vázquez de Arce 'Doncel de Sigüenza', Order of Santiago, c.1486
Calvary, Altar of Sant Esteve de Granolles, 1495-1500
North African marines in William Caoursin's Obsidionis Rhodie Urbis Descriptio. A description of the 1480 siege of the city of Rhodes or mirror
Spanish & Portuguese Costume at Jessamyn's Closet (Mosty non-military).
The Pastrana Tapestries of Affonso V of Portugal, late 15th century or mirror
Warfare and Firearms in Fifteenth Century Morocco, 1400-1492 By Weston F. Cook Jr. or mirror
Illustrations of Costume from the 1554 manuscript of The pilgrimage of Arnold von Harff in 1496 to 1499 or mirror
Illustrations of Costume from the 1860 edition of The pilgrimage of Arnold von Harff in 1496 to 1499 or mirror
Renaissance Warfare by George Gush, Parts 14 & 15: Spanish
Spanish Tercios by Dr. Pierre Picouet
Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent receives Barbarossa, 1533 or mirror
Costume from Códice De Trajes, 1547:
     1r North-African Cavalryman
     5v Spaniards
     8v Spanish Soldiers
     9v Galicians
     11r Basques
     11v Basques
     14v-15r Tunisian Ruler on the Barbary Coast & Cavalry with very long spears
     16r Barbary Coast - a rich person and negro guard
     59v Mamelukes
Mid 16th century Eastern Mediterranean & North African Illustrations from: Histoire Des Turcs, by Blaise de Vigenere: or mirror
North-African Cavalryman by Lucas d'Heere, about 1575 or mirror
A Basque peasant from Vizcaya with crossbow by Hans Weigel, 1577 or mirror
Aztecs, Incas and Spaniards from contemporary pictures or mirror
The Ottoman Army Marching On The City Of Tunis in 1569, by Seyyid Lokman, 1581 or mirror
A Turk of Algeria by Bonnart, 1678-1711 or mirror
Illustrations of Ottoman Asian & North African Inhabitants after Jean-Baptiste Vanmour, c.1708: or mirror
Spanish Uniforms in the Augsburger Bilder, 1802-09 or mirror
Uniforms of Spanish Units at the Battle of Talavera 1809:
Guards Line Infantry Light Infantry and Marines Militia Line Cavalry Dragoons Light Cavalry Artillery Engineers
Spanish Napoleonic Uniforms from the NYPL or mirror
Spanish Uniforms of Joseph Bonaparte's Army from the NYPL or mirror
Spanish Maps of Peninsular War Battles
Spanish Units at Albuhera
The Armies at Talavera: The Artwork of Dionisio Álvarez Cueto
The Spanish Army in 1808: The Artwork of Dionisio Álvarez Cueto
The Spanish Army at Bailen: The Artwork of Dionisio Álvarez Cueto
Uniformserie Suhr
Spanish Regiments by Year

10th to 19th century Egypt and its territories or mirror
Index